According to Thomas F. Collura, Ronald J. Bonnstetter & Carlos Zalaquett, authors of a paper on the subject, there is a direct correlation between the physiology of the brain and a person’s behavior. Using an EEG to obtain neurofeedback data, mental health counselors can derive specific information.

“This model provides two key elements of value to the mental health counselor. The first is the ability to assess an individual’s resting state in terms of being more or less prone to either negative or positive emotional tone. According to this model, the frontal lobes of the brain can be seen to perform different emotional and decision-making functions. The left hemisphere is responsible for making decisions related to things that are deemed pleasant or safe, thus leading to approach-related thoughts and behavior. The right hemisphere is responsible for detecting things that are unpleasant or unsafe, and thus controls avoidance, withdrawal and “fight or flight” decisions. Any given individual may be predisposed in one hemisphere or the other, or may exhibit a balanced ability. A second aspect of the model is how individuals respond to experiences, which are regarded as ‘input’ or ‘stimuli.’”

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